The Seven Summits are the seven continental high points on Earth. Which mountains exactly are considered as the Seven Summits depends on where the continental borders are drawn.
Geological, cultural, and political reasons can play a role, as well as mountaineering considerations. We selected the Seven Summits according to the Messner list
. Mostly undisputed from this list are Mount Everest
for South America, Denali
for North America, Kilimandscharo
for Africa, and
in the Caucasus is often seen as Europe's highest summit. However there is also some strong arguments for Elbrus
being an Asian mountain, which would make Mont Blanc
in the Alps Europe's highest peak.
In the case of Oceania some argue that it might be its own continent, separated from Australia, which would mean that there should be a list of eight continental high points. Others see the Oceanian islands as no continent at all. And a third group counts Puncak Jaya
on New Guinea as Asian, since it is part of Indonesia. So Mount Wilhelm in Papua New Guinea, and Mount Kosciuszko
in Australia are possible alternative candidates for the list of Seven Summits.